Traditionalist Islamists nursing their ambition to provide evidence against the Islam preached in the Quran, refer to ayats that ordain to “Obey God and His messenger”, and set forth such arguments as: “We are told to obey the prescriptions of God and the Prophet”. In the said ayats, the Prophet is referred to only with the noun rasul (messenger).
52 – Those who obey God and His messenger and fear God and observe Him, these are triumphant ones.
24 The Light, 52
132 – You shall obey God and His messenger, that you may obtain mercy.
3 The Family of Imran, 132
To heed the messenger means obeying God whose orders the messenger transmitted. He is the herald of God who has brought His messages to humanity. Complying with these messages connotes conformity with God and His messenger as well as with the Quran, the message transmitted. The word resul means the carrier of a message. In other words, the message is not issued by the Prophet, but by God. It is preached thereby that man can attain God only through His messenger. The person to whom allegiance is due is God’s messenger, not God directly. God establishes His link with us through His prophet (messenger).
80 – He who obeys the messenger obeys God.
4 The Women, 80
Men heed God’s words through the mediation of the Prophet. The Quran was revealed to men through him. The message was not transmitted to each individual separately. There have been innumerable people who refused to obey the Prophet’s message claiming that it was he that spoke and not God. Yet, it is stated in the Quran that the message transmitted through him was God’s message. Obeying God and His messenger should not be interpreted as two separate authorities, since the source is one – that is God.
114 – Say: “Shall I seek for a judge other than God? When He it is Who sent unto you the Book, explained in detail.”
6 The Cattle, 114