THE QURAN AS THE SOURCE OF WISDOM
151 – Such as the sending of a messenger from among you, to recite Our revelations to you, and cleanse you, and teach you the Book and the wisdom, and what you did not known.
2 The Cow, 151
It is alleged that the word ‘wisdom’ includes the sunna and the hadiths, which is utterly preposterous. Wisdom is attributable to the Quran:
1 – These are the verses of the Book of Wisdom.
10 Jonah, 1
2 – By the Quran full of Wisdom.
36 Yasin, 2
4 – And verily it is in the mother of the book in our presence. Honorable and full of wisdom.
43 Vanity, 4
Moreover, the Sura Isra after enumerating what is lawful and unlawful and the prohibitions is followed by the following verse:
139 – These are among the wisdom your Lord has revealed to you.
17 The Children of Israel, 39
Wisdom attributed to God’s revelations mentioned up until the 39th verse of Sura The Children of Israel stated that one should not set up any other God (22nd verse); that one should serve none but Him and do good to parents (23rd verse); the manner that one should behave toward one’s parents (24th verse); and the fact that God knows what is in our mind (25th verse), and give to the near of kin his due and to the needy and the wayfarer, and squander not wastefully (26th verse)…
The Quran is the book of reference in which both sunna and wisdom can be found. The limits of God as set in the Quran are wisdom, which also implies obedience to His messenger, the Prophet. The Quran revealed to Mohammad was communicated to us by his mouth. Most of the verses begin with the imperative ‘say,’ addressed to him. To obey the message is to obey God and His messenger at the same time. If God’s revelation is not complete, what would the function of the Quran be? Why should God leave His message incomplete to be completed by other sources? Had God intended to give us additional injunctions, He would certainly have increased the thickness of the Book. In fact, it is mentioned in the Quran that the Book contains all the details necessary to be known. To give an example of such details, please note that the Quran enjoins the man who finds himself in a difficulty, to eat, without trespassing the limits, the meat of animals slaughtered in the name of other divinities, and the meat of the dead animal, pork etc., a very exceptional case surely. Given this fact how can we presume that God left loopholes in His book? Whatever He has not enjoined His creatures, He has left to the discretion of His servants.